This is an interruption in breathing during sleep.There is narrowing of breathing passage leading to partial or complete closure.
What happens as a result of OSA?
As a result of OSA the oxygen levels in the blood fall.This causes repeated disruptions in sleep , with resultant increase in chronic daytime sleepiness, tiredness.
The drop in blood oxygen level causes disruption in sleep, increased stress due to release of certain chemicals (superoxides, c-reactive protein , adrenalin , epinephrine ) which increases blood pressure, blood sugar, leads to weight gain, increases chances of having heart attacks & brain attacks.
What are the most common symptoms of OSA?
Symptoms of OSA:
- Loud snoring, interrupted by pauses in breathing (apnea)
- Excessive daytime sleepiness, tiredness on waking up
- Gasping or choking during sleep
- Memory loss, poor judgment / concentration
- Mood changes - irritability, depression
- Weight gain
- Sexual dysfunction- impotence
- Frequent urination at night
Who are the people prone to OSA ?
Snoring is a commonest symptom of sleep apnea which is more common in males who are overweight, who have high blood pressure, nasal blockage, small upper airway due to excess throat tissue or abnormal jaw structure & family history of sleep apnea.
What are the complications of Sleep apnea?
People with sleep apnea have increased risk of high blood pressure, heart beat disturbances, heart attacks, brain attacks, pre-diabetes , weight gain, work related & road accidents due to sleepiness.